Most Pluggable Transports, such as obfs4, rely on the use of “bridge” relays. Like ordinary Tor relays, bridges are run by volunteers; unlike ordinary relays, however, they are not listed publicly, so an adversary cannot identify them easily.

Using bridges in combination with pluggable transports helps to disguise the fact that you are using Tor, but may slow down the connection compared to using ordinary Tor relays.

Некоторые подключаемые транспорты (например, meek) используют другие меры против цензуры. Для таких подключаемых транспортов адреса мостов не нужны.

ПОЛУЧЕНИЕ АДРЕСОВ МОСТОВ

Because bridge addresses are not public, you will need to request them yourself. You have a few options:

  • посетите https://bridges.torproject.org/ и следуйте инструкциям;
  • Email bridges@torproject.org from a Gmail, or Riseup email address
  • Use MOAT to fetch bridges from within Tor Browser.

USING MOAT

If you're starting Tor Browser for the first time, click "Configure" to open the Tor Network Settings window. After checking the checkbox "Tor is censored in my country," choose "Request a bridge from torproject.org" and click "Request a Bridge..." for BridgeDB to provide a bridge. Complete the CAPTCHA and click "Submit." Click "Connect" to save your settings.

Or, if you have Tor Browser running, click on "Preferences" in the hamburger menu and then on "Tor" in the sidebar. In the "Bridges" section, check the checkbox "Use a bridge," and from the option "Request a bridge from torproject.org," click "Request a New Bridge..." for BridgeDB to provide a bridge. Complete the CAPTCHA and click "Submit." Your setting will automatically be saved once you close the tab.

ENTERING BRIDGE ADDRESSES

После того, как вы получите несколько адресов мостов, нужно изменить настройки Tor.

If you're starting Tor Browser for the first time, click "Configure" to open the Tor Network Settings window. After checking the checkbox "Tor is censored in my country," choose "Provide a bridge I know" and enter each bridge address on a separate line. Click "Connect" to save your settings.

Or, if you have Tor Browser running, click on "Preferences" in the hamburger menu and then on "Tor" in the sidebar. In the "Bridges" section, check the checkbox "Use a bridge," and from the option "Provide a bridge I know," enter each bridge address on a separate line. Your settings will automatically be saved once you close the tab.

Не удалось подключиться? Возможно, "ваши" мосты недоступны. Получите другие адреса (см. выше) и повторите попытку.