Прямой доступ к сети Tor иногда может быть заблокирован вашим интернет-провайдером или государством. Tor Browser включает в себя некоторые инструменты обхода этих блоков. Эти инструменты называются "подключаемые транспорты".

ВИДЫ ПОДКЛЮЧАЕМОГО ТРАНСПОРТА

В настоящее время доступны три вида подключаемых транспортов, но разрабатываются и другие.

obfs4 obfs4 makes Tor traffic look random, and also prevents censors from finding bridges by Internet scanning. obfs4 bridges are less likely to be blocked than its predecessor, obfs3 bridges.
meek meek transports make it look like you are browsing a major web site instead of using Tor. meek-azure makes it look like you are using a Microsoft web site.
Snowflake Snowflake – улучшенный Flashproxy. Он перенаправляет ваш трафик через WebRTC, протокол "точка-точка" со встроенным обходом NAT.

ИСПОЛЬЗОВАНИЕ ПОДКЛЮЧАЕМЫХ ТРАНСПОРТОВ

To use a pluggable transport, click "Configure" when starting Tor Browser for the first time. After checking the checkbox "Tor is censored in my country," choose the "Select a built-in bridge" option. From the dropdown, select whichever pluggable transport you'd like to use. Once you've selected the pluggable transport, click "Connect" to save your settings.

Or, if you have Tor Browser running, click on "Preferences" in the hamburger menu and then on "Tor" in the sidebar. In the "Bridges" section, check the checkbox "Use a bridge," and from the option "Select a built-in bridge," choose whichever pluggable transport you'd like to use from the dropdown. Your settings will automatically be saved once you close the tab.

WHICH TRANSPORT SHOULD I USE?

Каждый из транспортов, перечисленных в меню запуска Tor, работает по-разному, и их результативность зависит от ваших индивидуальных обстоятельств.

If you are trying to circumvent a blocked connection for the first time, you should try the different transports: obfs4, snowflake, or meek-azure.

If you try all of these options, and none of them gets you online, you will need to request a bridge or manually enter bridge addresses.

Read the Bridges section to learn what bridges are and how to obtain them.