Onion services (formerly known as "hidden services") are services (like websites) that are only accessible through the Tor network.


  • Onion services’ location and IP address are hidden, making it difficult for adversaries to censor them or identify their operators.
  • Tor 用户与洋葱服务之间所有的流量都是端到端加密的,所以你不必担心 HTTPS 连接方面的问题
  • 洋葱服务的网址是为自动生成,因此网站的架设者或管理员无需另行购买网络域名。其网址皆是以 .onion 结尾的,此等设计可以让洋葱路由系统确保所有网络连接都通往正确的站点,并且其连接数据未被窜改。


Just like any other website, you will need to know the address of an onion service in order to connect to it. An onion address is a string of 56 mostly random letters and numbers, followed by ".onion".

When accessing a website that uses an onion service, Tor Browser will show in the URL bar an icon of an onion displaying the state of your connection: secure and using an onion service. You can learn more about the onion site that you are visiting by looking at the Circuit Display.

Another way to learn about an onion site is if the website administrator has implemented a feature called Onion-Location. Onion-Location is a non-standard HTTP header that websites can use to advertise their onion counterpart. If the website that you are visiting has an onion site available, a purple suggestion pill will prompt at the URL bar in Tor Browser displaying ".onion available". When you click on ".onion available", the website will be reloaded and redirected to its onion counterpart.


To prioritize an onion site version of a website, you can enable automatic Onion-Location redirects. Click on hamburger menu (≡), go to Preferences (or Options on Windows), click on Privacy & Security, and in the Onion Services section look for the entry "Prioritize .onion sites when known." and check the option "Always". Or, if you're already running Tor Browser, you can copy and paste this string in a new tab: about:preferences#privacy and change this setting.


An authenticated onion service is a service like an onion site that requires the client to provide an authentication token before accessing the service. As a Tor user, you may authenticate yourself directly in the Tor Browser. In order to access this service, you will need access credentials from the onion service operator. When accessing an authenticated onion service, Tor Browser will show in the URL bar an icon of a little gray key, accompanied by a tooltip. Enter your valid private key into the input field.

Client Authorization


If you can't connect to an onion site, Tor Browser will provide a specific error message informing why the website is unavailable. Errors can happen in different layers: client errors, network errors or service errors. Some of these errors can be fixed by following the Troubleshooting section. The table below shows all the possible errors and which action you should take to solve the issue.

代码 错误标题 简短说明
XF0 Onion site Not Found The most likely cause is that the onion site is offline or disabled. Contact the onion site administrator.
XF1 Onion site Cannot Be Reached The onion site is unreachable due to an internal error.
XF2 Onion site Has Disconnected The most likely cause is that the onion site is offline or disabled. Contact the onion site administrator.
XF3 Unable to Connect to Onion site The onion site is busy or the Tor network is overloaded. Try again later.
XF4 Onion site Requires Authentication Access to the onion site requires a key but none was provided.
XF5 Onion site Authentication Failed The provided key is incorrect or has been revoked. Contact the onion site administrator.
XF6 Invalid Onion site Address The provided onion site address is invalid. Please check that you entered it correctly.
XF7 Onion site Circuit Creation Timed Out Failed to connect to the onion site, possibly due to a poor network connection.


If you cannot reach the onion service you requested, make sure that you have entered the onion address correctly: even a small mistake will stop Tor Browser from being able to reach the site.

If you are still unable to connect to the onion service after verifying the address, please try again later. There may be a temporary connection issue, or the site operators may have allowed it to go offline without warning.

If the onion service you are trying to access consists of a string of 16 characters (V2 format), this type of address is being deprecated.

You can also test if you are able to access other onion services by connecting to DuckDuckGo's Onion Service.