Os serviços Onion (anteriormente conhecidos como "hidden services", ou "serviços ocultos") são serviços (como os websites convencionais) que podem ser acessados apenas pela rede Tor.

Serviços onion oferecem uma série de vantagens em relação a serviços na rede não-privada:

  • A localização dos serviços Onion e os endereços de IP são ocultos, tornando difícil para adversários censurá-los ou identificarem os seus operadores.
  • All traffic between Tor users and onion services is end-to-end encrypted, so you do not need to worry about connecting over HTTPS.
  • O endereço de um serviço onion é gerado automaticamente, então operadores não precisam comprar um domínio; o URL .onion também ajuda o Tor a garantir que está se conectando ao lugar certo e que a conexão não está sendo adulterada.

Como acessar um serviço cebola

Just like any other website, you will need to know the address of an onion service in order to connect to it. An onion address is a string of 56 letters and numbers, followed by ".onion".

When accessing a website that uses an onion service, Tor Browser will show in the URL bar an icon of an onion displaying the state of your connection: secure and using an onion service. Você pode aprender mais sobre um site Onion que esteja visitando ao olhar no Circuit Display.

Another way to learn about an onion site is if the website administrator has implemented a feature called Onion-Location. Onion-Location is a non-standard HTTP header that websites can use to advertise their onion counterpart. Se o website que estiver visitando tiver um site onion disponível, uma sugestão aparecerá em roxo na barra do URL do Tor Browser com ".onion disponível". When you click on ".onion available", the website will be reloaded and redirected to its onion counterpart.

Onion-Location

To prioritize an onion site version of a website, you can enable automatic Onion-Location redirects. Click on hamburger menu (≡), go to Preferences (or Options on Windows), click on Privacy & Security, and in the Onion Services section look for the entry "Prioritize .onion sites when known." and check the option "Always". Or, if you're already running Tor Browser, you can copy and paste this string in a new tab: about:preferences#privacy and change this setting.

AUTENTICAÇÃO DO SERVIÇO ONION

An authenticated onion service is a service like an onion site that requires the client to provide an authentication token before accessing the service. As a Tor user, you may authenticate yourself directly in the Tor Browser. In order to access this service, you will need access credentials from the onion service operator. When accessing an authenticated onion service, Tor Browser will show in the URL bar an icon of a little gray key, accompanied by a tooltip. Enter your valid private key into the input field.

Client Authorization

ERROS DO SERVIÇO ONION

Caso você não consiga acessar um site onion, o Navegador Tor exibirá uma mensagem de erro específica informando o porquê daquele site estar inacessível. Errors can happen in different layers: client errors, network errors or service errors. Some of these errors can be fixed by following the Troubleshooting section. The table below shows all the possible errors and which action you should take to solve the issue.

Code Error Title Short Description
0xF0 Onionsite Not Found The most likely cause is that the onionsite is offline. Contact the onionsite administrator.
0xF1 Onionsite Cannot Be Reached The onionsite is unreachable due an internal error.
0xF2 Onionsite Has Disconnected The most likely cause is that the onionsite is offline. Contact the onionsite administrator.
0xF3 Unable to Connect to Onionsite The onionsite is busy or the Tor network is overloaded. Try again later.
0xF4 Onionsite Requires Authentication Access to the onionsite requires a key but none was provided.
0xF5 Onionsite Authentication Failed The provided key is incorrect or has been revoked. Contact the onionsite administrator.
0xF6 Invalid Onionsite Address The provided onionsite address is invalid. Please check that you entered it correctly.
0xF7 Onionsite Circuit Creation Timed Out Failed to connect to the onionsite, possibly due to a poor network connection.

Resolução de problemas

If you cannot reach the onion service you requested, make sure that you have entered the onion address correctly: even a small mistake will stop Tor Browser from being able to reach the site.

If you are still unable to connect to the onion service after verifying the address, please try again later. There may be a temporary connection issue, or the site operators may have allowed it to go offline without warning.

If the onion service you are trying to access consists of a string of 16 characters (V2 format), this type of address is being deprecated.

You can also test if you are able to access other onion services by connecting to DuckDuckGo's Onion Service.