Tor Browser para Android

O Tor Browser para Android é o único navegador oficial suportado e desenvolvido pelo Tor Project. É como o Tor Browser para desktop, mas no seu aparelho Android. Algumas das funcionalidades mais importantes do Tor Browser para Android incluem: reduzir o monitoramento entre websites, defender contra vigilância, resistir "browser fingerprinting" e evadir censura.

DESCARREGAR E INSTALAÇÃO

Existe o Tor Browser for Android e o Tor Browser for Android (alpha). Utilizadores não técnicos devem usar o Tor Browser for Android, visto que é estável e com menor probabilidade de ter erros. O Tor Browser for Android está disponível na Play Store, F-Droid e no website do Tor Project. É bastante arriscado descarregar o Tor Browser de fora destas três plataformas.

Google Play

Pode instalar o Tor Browser for Android através da Google Play Store.

F-Droid

O Guardian Project fornece o Tor Browser for Android no seu repositório do F-Droid. Se preferir instalar a app através do F-Droid, por favor siga estes passos:

  1. Instale a app do F-Droid no seu dispositivo Android através do website do F-Droid.

  2. Depois de instalar o F-Droid, abra a app.

  3. No canto inferior direito, clique em "Definições".

  4. Na secção "As Minhas Aplicações", abra Repositórios.

  5. Ative o "Guardian Project Official Releases".

  6. Agora o F-Droid vai descarregar a lista de aplicações do repositório do Guardian Project (Nota: pode demorar alguns minutos).

  7. Clique no botão para retroceder no canto superior esquerdo

  8. Clique em "Últimas" no canto inferior esquerdo.

  9. Abra o ecrã de pesquisa clicando na lupa no canto inferior direito.

  10. Procure por "Tor Browser for Android".

  11. Abra o resultado que seja feito pelo "The Tor Project" e instale.

O website do Tor Project

Também pode obter o Tor Browser para Android descarregando e instalando a apk através do website do Tor Project.

COMEÇAR O TOR BROWSER FOR ANDROID PELA PRIMEIRA VEZ

Quando começa o Tor Browser pela primeira vez, vai ver a opção de conectar-se diretamente à rede Tor ou configurar o Tor Browser para a sua conecção no ícone das definições.

Connect

Connect to Tor Browser for Android

Na maioria dos casos, escolher "Ligar" irá permitir-lhe ligar à rede Tor sem qualquer configuração adicional. Depois de clicado, frases vão-se alterando no fundo do ecrã que indicam o progresso da conexão do Tor. If you are on a relatively fast connection, but this text seems to get stuck at a certain point, see the Troubleshooting page for help solving the problem.

Configurar

Configure Tor Browser for Android

If you know that your connection is censored, you should select the settings icon. O Tor Browser vai guiá-lo por uma série de opções de configurações. The first screen asks if access to the Tor network is blocked or censored on your connection. If you know your connection is censored, or you have tried and failed to connect to the Tor network and no other solutions have worked, click the switch. You will then be taken to the Circumvention screen to configure a pluggable transport.

CIRCUMVENTION

Os retransmissores de ponte são retransmissores Tor que não estão listados no diretório Tor público. As pontes são úteis para os utilizadores do Tor que estejam em regimes repressivos e para pessoas que queiram uma segurança extra porque estão preocupados que alguém saiba que estão a contactar um endereço IP público de um retransmissor Tor.

To use a pluggable transport, click on the settings icon when starting Tor Browser for the first time. The first screen asks if access to the Tor network is censored on your connection. Click on the switch to toggle it.

Censored internet on Tor Browser for Android

The next screen provides the option to either use a built-in bridge or custom bridge. With the "Select a bridge" option, you will have two options: "obfs4" and "meek-azure".

Select a bridge on Tor Browser for Android

Selected a bridge on Tor Browser for Android

If you choose the "Provide a Bridge I know" option, then you have to enter a bridge address.

Provide a bridge on Tor Browser for Android

Provide brigde addresses on Tor Browser for Android

MANAGING IDENTITIES

New Identity

New Identity on Tor Browser for Android

When Tor Browser is running, you would see so in your phone's notification panel along with the button "NEW IDENTITY". Clicking on this button will provide you with a new identity. Unlike in Tor Browser for Desktop, the "NEW IDENTITY" button in Tor Browser for Android does not prevent your subsequent browser activity from being linkable to what you were doing before. Selecting it will only change your Tor circuit.

SECURITY SETTINGS

Security settings and security slider on Tor Browser for Android

Security settings disable certain web features that can be used to attack your security and anonymity. Tor Browser for Android provides the same three security levels that are available on desktop. You can modify the security level by following given steps:

  • Tap on a button of 3 vertical dots in URL bar.
  • Scroll down and tap on "Security Settings".
  • You can now select an option from the security level slider.

UPDATING

O Tor Browser deve ser sempre atualizado. Se continuar a utilizar uma versão antiga do programa, expõe-se a sérios problemas de segurança, que comprometem a sua privacidade e anonimato. You can update Tor Browser automatically or manually.

Updating Tor Browser for Android automatically

This method assumes that you have either Google Play or F-droid installed on your mobile device.

Google Play

Updating Tor Browser for Android on Google Play

Click on the hamburger menu next to the search bar and navigate to "My apps & games" > "Updates". If you find Tor Browser on the list of apps which need updating, select it and click the "Update" button.

F-Droid

Updating Tor Browser for Android on F-droid

Click on "Settings", then go to "Manage installed apps". On the next screen, select Tor Browser and finally click on the "Update" button.

Updating Tor Browser for Android manually

Visit the Tor Project website and download a copy of the latest Tor Browser release, then install it as before. In most cases, this latest version of Tor Browser will install over the older version, thereby upgrading the browser. If doing this fails to update the browser, you may have to uninstall Tor Browser before reinstalling it. With Tor Browser closed, remove it from your system by uninstalling it using your device's settings. Depending on your mobile device's brand, navigate to Settings > Apps, then select Tor Browser and click on the "Uninstall" button. Afterwards,download the latest Tor Browser release and install it.

UNINSTALLING

Tor Browser for Android can be uninstalled directly from F-droid, Google Play or from your mobile device's app settings.

Google Play

Uninstalling Tor Browser for Android on Google Play

Click on the hamburger menu next to the search bar and navigate to "My apps & games" > "Installed". Select Tor Browser from the list of installed apps, then press the "Uninstall" button.

F-Droid

Uninstalling Tor Browser for Android on F-droid

Click on "Settings", then go to "Manage installed apps". On the next screen, select Tor Browser and finally click on the "Uninstall" button.

Mobile device app settings

Uninstalling Tor Browser for Android using device app settings

Depending on your mobile device's brand, navigate to Settings > Apps, then select Tor Browser and click on the "Uninstall" button.

PROBLEMAS CONHECIDOS

At the moment, there are some features which are not available in Tor Browser for Android, but are currently available in Tor Browser for desktop.

  • You can't see your Tor circuit. #25764
  • Custom obfs4 bridges not working. #30767
  • 'Clear private data' option does not clear browsing history. #27592
  • Tor Browser for Android does not connect when moved to the SD Card. #31814
  • You can't take screenshots while using Tor Browser for Android. #27987
  • You can't save images. #31013

More about Tor on mobile devices

Orfox

Orfox was first released in 2015 by The Guardian Project, with the aim of giving Android users a way to browse the internet over Tor. Over the next three years, Orfox continously improved and became a popular way for people to browse the internet with more privacy than standard browsers, and Orfox was crucial for helping people circumvent censorship and access blocked sites and critical resources. In 2019, Orfox was sunsetted after the official Tor Browser for Android was released.

Orbot

Orbot is a free proxy app that empowers other apps to use the Tor network. Orbot uses Tor to encrypt your Internet traffic. Then you can use it with other apps installed on your mobile device to circumvent censorship and protect against surveillance. Orbot can be downloaded and installed from Google Play. Check out our Support portal to know if you need both Tor Browser for Android and Orbot or either one.

Tor Browser for iOS

There is no Tor Browser for iOS. Nós recomendamos uma aplicação para iOS chamada de Onion Browser, que é de código aberto, usa reencaminhamento Tor e é desenvolvido por alguém que trabalha de perto com o Tor Project. Contudo, a Apple exige que os navegadores no iOS usem algo chamado de Webkit, que impede que o Onion Browser tenha as mesmas proteções de privacidade que o Tor Browser.

Learn more about Onion Browser. Transferir Onion Browser da Loja de Aplicações.

Tor Browser for Windows Phone

Atualmente, não existe nenhum método suportado para executar o Tor no Windows Phone.